The camp at Djelfa accomodated as from March 1941 the “rebels” come from the political camps of the metropolis.
Located at 1200 m of altitude, the climate of the Algerian high tables prevails there: very hot the summer and icy the winter, a cold accentuated by the wind from the north which blows in storm one day out of two.
At the beginning, only tents had been installed for the housing of the internees. At the end of 1941, good number of them still slept under these tents, the others being able to benefit from hard huts they had built. Next spring, remained only of the hard buildings.
The internees also arranged the ford which allowed the access to the camp, except by stormy weather, the wadi outgoing from its bed and flooding all the routes transportation with the city.
In his report dated May 16, 1942, Andre JEAN-FAURE, General inspector of the Camps and former Prefect of Ardeche, noted that only one epidemic had struck the internees in one year. But during the summer and of the autumn 1941, the use of a polluted source had caused an epidemic of typhoid which touched 55 internees, causing fifteen deaths on a thousand of internees.